There are different kinds of organic compounds; these are the carbohydrates, the fats and lipids, the proteins, the nucleic acid, and the vitamins.
The Carbohydrates are made up from the elements of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. These elements form the starch and sugar; the sugar is considered as the most abundant carbohydrates; these are classified as the monosaccharide, the disaccharide and the polysaccharide.
The monosaccharide is the simple sugars like the glucose and the fructose. The disaccharides are double-sugars like the sucrose and the lactose. The polysaccharides are the multiple sugars like the glycogen.
Carbohydrates can be found in many of the foodsthat we eat such as on the rice, on the potatoes, corns, avocado and so much more. This is one of the sources of energy and heat and also serves as fuel to keep our body going.
The Fats and lipids are also composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen but unlike the carbohydrates they have lesser oxygen. The fats and lipids are made up from fatty acids and glycerol also called as the glycerin. They can be obtained from several sources such as the pork, the coconut and the peanuts. These organic compounds are very much convenient in storing the reserve energy in the body.
The proteins are organic compounds that are made from carbon, hydrogen,oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and the phosphorus. These are kinds of large heavy and generally complex molecules of amino acids. These organic compounds are important to the body because they are responsible for repairing worn-out tissues; they also act as catalyst for a number of chemical reactions inside the body as well as they are also responsible for the contraction of the muscles. It is considered that all lives from unicellular to multi-cellular are all based on proteins.
The nucleic acids are organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus. The nucleic acid has two classes; the RNA or the ribonucleic acid and the DNA or the deoxyribonucleic acid; considered as the main source of biological information; it is also responsible for the chemical properties of the genes which are considered as the units of heredity. The RNA serves as the chemical messenger between the DNA of the nucleus and the metabolic machinery in the cytoplasm.
The Vitamins are organic compounds that can be obtained in the ordinary foods or diet. These compounds are necessary for the growth and development of tissues and prevent diseases. Vitamins are further classified into the water soluble and fat soluble vitamins.