Human relations involve a variety of social functions. This is the reason why there are different types of speech-making styles that caters for the different occasions. These different styles of speeches differ from their degree of intimacy and formality in consideration of the members of the gathering groups. The knowledge of the basic type of speeches will make it easy for the speaker to adapt in approaching his subject as will as to his or her audience.
The basic types of speeches are the Informative Speech, the Evocative Speech, the Entertainment Speech, the Argumentative Speech and the Persuasive Speech.
The InformativeSpeech usually begins with a favorable attention in order to catch the interest of the listeners. It will be then followed by the classification step which will inform or clarify the listeners regarding the subject matter. The purpose of the informative speech is to impart knowledge, clarify information as well as to secure understanding.
To be able to sustain the interest, it is recommended that the informative speech should not be more than five heading on its development. It is also important to provide the summary of your points in speech before presenting the conclusion. With this, the audience may impress with what the speaker wanted to emphasize in his or her message.
The good evocative speech has certain characteristics namely; geniality, enthusiasm, modesty and tolerance. In speech, the speaker should have geniality, that is, he or she must have a friendly and easy going approach. The speaker should have an enthusiasm; he or she must convince the audience or the listeners about the importance, the value or the soundness of a particular subject. In doing this,his or her listeners might be influenced with his or her enthusiasm or spirit. The speaker should also have modesty; he or she must be fair, polite as well as courteous with regards to any opposing ideas.
The entertainment speech has the nature to transmit a feeling of pleasure as well as goodwill to the audience of listeners. The speaker should be gracious, genial, good natured as well as relaxed to his or her audience. By doing this, he will be able to show the audience that he or she is enjoying in the conversation that is taking place.
The argumentation speech has the purpose to appeal to the intellect of the audience or listeners so that the speaker can be able to win them over the speaker’s side. It can be done using the force of logical interference and sound reasoning. The argumentation speech further aims to persuade the audience to be able to assert the plausibility of a debatable question in the speaker side.
The persuasive speech has the purpose to make the audience do a certain act. In doing this, the speaker will first demolish the objections of the audience politely. After, the speaker must prove to the audience that the argument he or she emphasizes is acceptable. Finally, the speaker should impress the audience and convinced them that the plan or his argument is desirable; by doing this the speaker will be receptive in his plea for an action from the audience.